Several simulations under different economic and social conditions of future scenarios will be run computing characterization factors (see concept and definitions here) for ecosystem services at global scale (in marginal price values, i.e. Monetary/Physical unit of ecosystem services), while a downscaling analysis in MIMES will also be conducted to explicitly quantify the characterization factors for two specific regulating services (carbon sequestration and pollination) at the regional scale of Luxembourg’s agricultural sector.
The main outcome of VALUES will be the development of an operational modelling framework to retrieve spatially- and temporally-explicit characterization factors for life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) of land use on ecosystems services.
In this framework, an application to the case of carbon sequestration and pollination services in energy crop productions of Luxembourg is on-going. To accomplish this goal, a variety of datasets and models are mixed:
- Multi-scale Integrated Models of Ecosystem Services (MIMES);
- Geographic Information System (GIS);
- Environmentally-Extended Input-Output datasets.
While for the application the following information is used:
- Using Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) dataset;
- Ecosystem Services modelling;
- Statistical surveys and existing data from field measurements; remote sensing data.