To establish this novel impact characterization approach in the life cycle assessment (LCA) domain, the project has several objectives:
Review the state-of the art on existing life cycle characterization methods for the assessment of land use impacts on ecosystem services in LCA, and then outline a roadmap to make potential improvements;
Develop an integrated model, based on the MIMES framework and adapted to LCA, for assessing and valuing ecosystem services;
Test its usability for the calculation of characterization factors to assess land use impacts on the provision of ecosystem services.
The production of bioenergy in Luxembourg serves as a case study to validate the proposed approach. The expected outputs of VALUES are:
Operational sets of characterization factors for the calculation of lifecycle impacts on ecosystems services;
A flexible modelling system re-usable in other methodological contexts and for other decision-making purposes.